Z: ZaniLa Rhyme

The ZaniLa Rhyme, a form created by Laura Lamarca consists 4 lines per stanza. The rhyme scheme is ABCB and a syllable count of 9/7/9/9 per stanza. Line 3 contains an internal rhyme which is repeated in every odd numbered stanza. Even numbered stanzas contain the same line but it is swapped. The ZaniLa rhyme…

Y: Yueh Fu

During the Han Dynasty (206 b.c.e – 220 a.d.) in China, popular songs were returned to prominence by the Music Bureau (yueh fu), a government bureau charged with the collection of folk songs, ballads and ceremonial music. These songs, marked by a spontaneous lyricism and a greater formal freedom, in turn exercised considerable influence on…

X: Xenophanic Poem

Xenophanes was an ancient Ionian/Greek philosopher and poet who lived roughly at the same time as Homer and Hesiod – in the pre-Socratic era of philosophy. While his name may be lesser known, his influence on philosophy and literature is not. His writing (such that remains; he eccentrically wrote almost nothing down) is marked by…

V: Villanelle

A Villanelle is a French verse form consisting of five three-line stanzas and a final quatrain, with the first and third lines of the first stanza repeating alternately in the following stanzas. These two refrain lines form the final couplet in the quatrain. Remember “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” by Dylan Thomas? That’s a…

T: Triolet

A Triolet is a poetic form consisting of only 8 lines. Within a Triolet, the 1st, 4th, and 7th lines repeat, and the 2nd and 8th lines do as well. The rhyme scheme is simple: ABaAabAB, capital letters representing the repeated lines. PAINTING If my poems painted a picture what a masterpiece I could write….

S: Senryu

Senryu (also called human haiku) is an unrhymed Japanese verse consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables (5, 7, 5) or 17 syllables in all. Senryu is usually written in the present tense and only references to some aspect of human nature or emotions. They possess no references to the natural world and…

Q: Quinzaine

The English word quinzaine come from the French word qunize, meaning fifteen. A quinzaine is an unrhymed verse of fifteen syllables. These syllables are distributed among three lines so that there are seven syllables in the first line, five in the second line and three in the third line (7/5/3). The first line makes a statement. The next…

O: Oddquain

An Oddquain is a short, usually unrhymed poem consisting of seventeen syllables distributed 1, 3, 5, 7, 1in five lines, developed by Glenda L. Hand.   Cry no more tears in the looking glass all you need is to be you. Pure.

N: Nocturna

Nocturna has an interesting history. The word was first used by Christians and was a form of night prayers. Later, it appeared in the 18th century and was derived from the French ‘nocturnal’ and was usually music inspired by the night and played at evening parties. During that time poetry was also recited. The painter…

L: Lai.

A Lai is a very old French poetry form. It looks to be simple, comprising of a five syllabled couplet followed by a two syllable line. The number of lines in each stanza is fixed at 9 and the coupltets must rhyme with each other as must the two syllable lines. Speaking for myself, as…

K: Katauta

The Katauta is an unrhymed Japanese form of poetry consisting of 17 or 19 syllables. The poem is a three-lined poem with the following syllable counts: 5/7/5 or 5/7/7   what is it you say when you do not say a word branding my soul with your eyes quietly you leave as quietly as you came only your…